Update: This also continues to work on Ubuntu 13.04
Just a quick note to myself really about how to get Latex working the way I want on Ubuntu 11.04 (Texmaker GUI, and some fixes for some errors I was getting). The error that was most troublesome was ‘kpathsea: Running mktexmf ptmr7t! I can’t find file `ptmr7t’.’ This was fixed with the recommended fonts package. I also got an error about an equation style that it didn’t know. This was fixed with the texlive-science package.
If you also get an error about `uct12.clo` you need to add the “texlive-publishers” package. See below for all the usual packages you need for ubuntu.
sudo apt-get install texlive-latex-base texmaker texlive-fonts-recommended texlive-science texlive-publishers texlive-fonts-extra texlive-math-extra
Update: I’ve discovered a tex plugin for gedit, which is kind of cool, if you are interested check out this blog post: http://blogs.ethz.ch/ubuntu/2007/06/09/gedit-goes-latex-1-gedit-latexplugin/